P23. Non-Motorist Action/Circumstance Prior to Crash

Definition:

The action of the non-motorist immediately prior to the crash and an indication of whether the non-motorist was walking/cycling to/from school.

Element Attributes:
Subfield 1: Action/Circumstances:

Crossing Roadway
Waiting to Cross Roadway
Walking/Cycling Along Roadway Against Traffic (In or Adjacent to Travel Lane)
Walking/Cycling on Sidewalk
In Roadway – Other (Working, Playing, etc.)
Adjacent to Roadway (e.g., Shoulder, Median)
Working in Trafficway (Incident Response)
Other
None
Unknown

Subfield 2: Going to or from School (K-12)

No
Yes
Unknown

Rationale:

The development of effective roadway design and operation, education, and enforcement measures to accommodate pedestrians and bicyclists and prevent crashes with motor vehicles is enhanced by the collection of the actions and circumstances prior to the crash.