P21. Drug Test

Definition:

Indication of the presence of drug test, type, and result. Excludes drugs administered post-crash. See Drug Test Result (PL3) to document drug name.

Element Attributes:
Subfield 1: Test Status

Test Not Given
Test Refused
Test Given
Unknown if Tested

Subfield 2: Type of Test

Blood
Urine
Other

Subfield 3 – Drug Test Result:

Positive
Negative
Unknown

Rationale:

Identifying drug-related crashes help develop and evaluate programs directed at reducing their involvement. Whenever evidence of other drug use is available, it should be captured.